An DE PUYDT is the ombudsvrouw. She has been a lawyer at the Bar of the Netherlands in Brussels since 1999.

How does the ombudsman service work?

A lawyer or client submits a complaint to the ombudsman service free of charge. The ombudsman receives all complaints and checks whether they are complete and admissible. The complaint is then forwarded to a local ombudsman for handling.

Each bar has a list of at least three local ombudsmen. They all have the necessary experience and knowledge, and are all qualified mediators. This guarantees a humane and correct approach to the complaint.

The ombudsman chooses the local ombudsman from the list of the bar where the lawyer concerned is registered. If the client does not accept that choice, the ombudsman designates a person from the list of another judicial district. In this way, the ombudsman guarantees the local ombudsman’s independence and impartiality.

The local ombudsman investigates the complaint and searches for possible solutions. To this end, he can interview both the lawyer and the client, either separately or together. The local ombudsman proposes a solution and makes recommendations. The lawyer and client may follow this solution and recommendations, but are not obliged to do so. They can also make their own proposals.

First search for a lower-level solution

The ombudsman is at the top of the pyramid of what is known as extrajudicial dispute resolution (i.e. not before a court) between lawyers and clients.

At the lowest level, a law firm can also establish a comparable service. If a lawyer or law firm provides such a service, you must first try to resolve your problem through this service. Even if there is no formal service, the lawyer and client must always first try to discuss and solve their problems. You may approach the ombudsman only if this route provides no solution.

According to the law

The law stipulates that consumer disputes must firstly be resolved out of court. It permits a certain sector or professional group to create their own body for this purpose, namely a qualified entity. For Flemish lawyers, this is the Ombudsman Service for Consumer Disputes relating to the Legal Profession (OCA). The ombudsman service is authorised to intervene in all disputes between Flemish lawyers and their clients. It takes the Belgian Judicial Code, the Belgian Economic Law Code and ethical rules into consideration in this regard.


The Ombudsman Service for Consumer Disputes relating to the Legal Profession (OCA) has its own budget that suffices for the performance of its duties. This budget is allocated by the Flemish Bar Council, the statutory professional organisation of the Flemish legal profession.
The ombudsman decides independently how the budget is to be used, based on the OCA’s needs and workload, but never on the outcome of the extrajudicial dispute resolution.

Contact us

If you have a general question about the ombudsman service, please use the form below. If you wish to submit a complaint, please use the  application form. Would you prefer to get the data from this website on a durable medium? Let us know via the contact form.